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On July 3, 2013, the courts pronounced caveat emptor with respect to execution performance in the FX market. U.S. District Judge Denise Cote threw out a lawsuit, which accused JPMorgan Chase & Co. of breaching a fiduciary duty to custodial clients by charging “hidden and excessive mark-ups” on currency trades. Judge Lewis Kaplan dismissed a lawsuit directed at officials of Bank of New York Mellon, for ignoring “red flags” or knowing that trades were being processed at the worst or near-worst prices of the day.
Ofir Gefen, Head of Electronic Brokerage at ITG Asia Pacific, looks at how opportunistically taking blocks of liquidity rather than sticking with volume-based trading habits can improve trading performance.
Having demonstrated an initial, and understandable, wariness of cloud services, trading firms and other players such as hosting providers in the institutional trading environment are slowly coming to embrace the technology. With storage demands for mid-size firms growing at approximately 90 terabytes a year, perhaps this is not surprising. Building proprietary infrastructure that can keep up with this level of growth is comparable to painting the Golden Gate Bridge: a never-ending task.
We address a single question in this paper: is consideration of trading strategy an essential component in assessing venue performance? The answer is, yes. We arrive at this conclusion through comparisons of strategy use across venues and performance metrics, by venu…
Our Global Cost Review report for the First Quarter 2014 studied global commissions and implementation shortfall costs for the period.
ITG Financial Engineering has recently completed its R&D work on international stock specific intraday volume profiles, extending its robust estimation methodology to common stocks and several other security types to cover more than 50 markets around the world.1 The intraday volume profiles, which include the estimated percentages of the daily volume to be traded in each 15-minute interval of the continuous trading session and at the and closing call auctions, are estimated for individual securities traded on each market and can be used for efficient execution of large orders.
“The most valuable commodity I know of is information” – to quote Gordon Gekko from the 1987 movie classic Wall Street. This line has never been more significant than in today’s data-fuelled financial markets, where detailed analysis of information can provide that all important competitive edge – both now and in the future. To achieve this, firms are looking towards Transaction Cost Analysis (TCA), which enables them to reduce costs and hone trading strategies.
The term ‘TCA’ has now become so common across the industry, and some would argue commoditized, that its value is in danger of becoming misunderstood. While most buyside firms use some form of broker post-trade analysis to measure how they’ve performed against their benchmark, the firms who are out-performing versus their peers are using a broader approach of pre-trade, real time and post-trade analytics to answer questions about how and why trading costs are incurred, and what actions can be taken to reduce them.
We call this broad range of tools Trading Analytics, and this article looks at some common Asia liquidity events to show practical examples of how Trading Analytics can provide data that answers real questions, helping traders take advantage of liquidity while minimizing costs.
TRADING AROUND THE OPEN AND CLOSE
More buyside traders are now involved in investment meetings, acting as advisors in the discussion of how to get the most alpha for a given investment decision. Using Trading Analytics to form an opinion in advance of the trade on how to structure its timing can have a significant effect on the alpha outcome. Understanding intra-day volume profiles and the corresponding volatility can be critical to finding liquidity that comes from trading at the times when others also are. The chart below shows average profiles of how much is traded in different Asia Pacific markets in the first and last 30 mins of the day (including auctions).One common theme is that traders often avoid the more volatile early trading period for fear of price movements, preferring to hold their trading back to the more stable sessions through the day. However, doing this too much, particularly in markets such as Taiwan and Japan where high volumes are done during early trading, can push overall costs higher and increase risk. Missing out on significant early liquidity requires the trader to execute more later in the day where they may need to cross the spread more, and increases the risk of non-completion of an order – often overnight
volatility is higher than that seen during early trading sessions. It also increases risk of over-participation in the Close which may push a stock price, a topic that Asian regulators are particularly sensitive to.
Our Global Cost Review report for the Fourth Quarter 2013 studied global commissions and implementation shortfall costs for the period.
Please find this article referenced in the Wall Street Journal.
Responding to many client requests, the FX team at ITG Analytics reviewed trade data surrounding the WM/Reuters London Closing Spot Rate Service (“the fix”). By observing the factors that influence trading costs using ITG TCA® for FX’s rich quote data we found trade patterns that were unique. Consistent with academic literature1,we show that volume and volatility around the fix spikes and the spread costs tighten temporarily. In addition, we see mean reversion of the FX rates on days when there is substantial price pressure shortly prior to the fix. Our analysis does not prove the allegations of manipulation brought about by some market participants.